Trafficking in persons is a serious crime and a grave violation of human rights. Every year, thousands of men, women and children fall into the hands of traffickers, in their own countries and abroad. Almost every country in the world is affected by trafficking, whether as a country of origin, transit or destination for victims.
Elements Of Human Trafficking
On the basis of the definition given in the Trafficking in Persons Protocol, it is evident that trafficking in persons has three constituent elements:
The Act (What is done) - Recruitment, transportation, transfer, harboring or receipt of persons
The Means (How it is done) - Threat or use of force, coercion, abduction, fraud, deception, abuse of power or vulnerability, or giving payments or benefits to a person in control of the victim
The Purpose (Why it is done) - For the purpose of exploitation, which includes exploiting the prostitution of others, sexual exploitation, forced labor, slavery or similar practices and the removal of organs.
Criminalization Of Human Trafficking
Attempts to commit a trafficking offence
Participation as an accomplice in such an offence
Organizing or directing others to commit trafficking.
The legislative definition should be dynamic and flexible so as to empower the legislative framework to respond effectively to trafficking which:
Occurs both across borders and within a country (not just cross-border)
Is for a range of exploitative purposes (not just sexual exploitation)
Victimizes children, women and men (Not just women, or adults, but also men and children)
Takes place with or without the involvement of organized crime groups.
INFORMATION COURTESY OF UnitedNations Office ofDrugs and Crime
For More Information Go To: www.unodc.org